CRJ 305 WEEK 3 QUIZ 1 Moral relativism is the idea that: 2 Feinberg suggests that some offensive behavior may be considered a violation of people's right to privacy when it invades private space. 3 The implications of moral relativism do not raise enduring questions about ethnocentrism, dogmatism, and the role of tolerance in reaching ethical outcomes. 4 Recognizing and accepting a certain degree of moral relativism within communities may be necessary for social cohesion. 5 One of the benefits of relativism is that it encourages us to maintain an open mind and be tolerant and understanding of differences. 6 The majority of victims of honor killings across the world are women and girls. 7 When we claim that certain moral values or principles (e.g., do not steal) apply or should apply to all people, everywhere, we are saying that some values or principles are: 8 A contemporary controversy involving paternalistic government policy is the practice of civil commitment or involuntary hospitalization for persons deemed mentally ill (though not necessarily legally incompetent) and presumed to be in need of psychiatric treatment. 9 Which of the following might help us develop open-mindedness and the virtue of tolerance? 10 Normative or prescriptive relativism implies that we should not judge the beliefs and behaviors of other cultures. 11 Some ways of life are oppressive and immoral. 12 Which of the following positions holds that moral beliefs vary from person to person, and that one person's beliefs and practices cannot be said to be more right (or wrong) that any other person's? 13 Which of the following suggests that governments can and should pass laws to protect citizens from themselves, looking out for its citizens as a father might for his children? 14 When we are committed unquestioningly and with absolute certainty to a belief or beliefs, we are guilty of: 15 Using the harm principle, a government could legitimately pass laws to prohibit murder, rape, and robbery. 16 Ethical objectivism would suggest that whether dishonesty is right or wrong depends upon the person doing it and the circumstances of the situation. 17 Gambling would be considered a crime mala in se. 18 A pragmatist might argue that moral values and cultural practices based upon them are not representations of the truth, but are functional for people in a particular place at a particular time. 19 Behavior which might be regarded as immoral or offensive is usually "contagious." 20 Which of the following, derived from John Stuart Mill, suggests that governments can legitimately create and impose laws only where it is necessary to prevent people from harming others?