CRJ 305 WEEK 6 QUIZ
1 Utilitarianism suggests that, when considering moral decisions the interests of everyone should be treated equally.
2 John Stuart Mill's utilitarianism differs from that of Jeremy Bentham in that Mill implies that we should consider some goods to be of a higher quality and, thus, more important than others.
3 The question and moral dilemma of whether "dirty" means are sometimes necessary to achieve the "good" ends of police work is sometimes referred to as the "Dirty Harry" problem.
4 Which of the following is not, according to Carl Klockars, an important consideration in determining whether the good ends of police work justify immoral means in a given scenario?
5 Utilitarianism argues that our decisions should consider the likely consequences for everyone affected by them.
6 Though both emphasize consequences, utilitarian differs from ethical egoism in that:
7 In an interrogation setting, law enforcement officers can legally make specific promises of leniency (e.g., a reduced sentence) to suspects in exchange for their cooperation or confession.
8 Social hedonism is a type of hedonism which suggests that pleasure is the ultimate good, and that it is only our own pleasures and pains that should matter - not those of other people affected.
9 When presented with the Trolley Problem, most people are willing to flip a switch to save five lives at the expense of one, but are not willing to physically push a person over a bridge to save five lives.
10 An agreement between a criminal defendant and the prosecution whereby the prosecution reduces charges or recommends a reduced sentence in exchange for a guilty plea is referred to as a:
11 Consequentialism is a normative ethical framework.
12 Those who utilize the internet (e.g., chat rooms) to exploit children for sexual purposes are commonly referred to as:
13 The argument that aiding or assisting others might be degrading to them, implying that they are incapable of helping themselves, is an argument commonly used to support qualitative varieties of utilitarianism.
14 Which of the following concepts best captures the utilitarian notion that each person's welfare is equally important and, thus, that no one person's happiness should be regarded as more important than any other person's?
15 Which of the following statements is most likely to be used to advocate ethical egoism?
16 Philosophers utilize the state of nature concept to hypothesize about what social life would be like if we removed controls, sanctions, and limits on what people could do.
17 Which of the following propositions is not true of utilitarian moral frameworks?
18 A utilitarian ethical framework would argue that, as a general principle, law- and policy-makers should create laws and policies that they reasonably expect to bring about the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people.
19 Which of the following is a term commonly used to describe corrupt practices by law enforcement officers that are not purely egoistic in nature but, rather, done to achieve the "good" ends of protecting the community?
20 The tension between means and ends is one that criminal justice practitioners are rarely forced to confront.
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