SOCI 111 Week 2 CH 4 Review Quiz | Ivy Tech Community College

SOCI 111 Week 2 CH 4 Review Quiz | Ivy Tech Community College


 (Q001) At a friend's housewarming, you meet a young engaged couple from India. They tell you that their relationship was arranged when they both very young (she was 12, he was 14). They seem happy with this arrangement, but you're taken aback. The couple's comfort with the arrangement, as well as your initial discomfort, are examples of  

·         symbolic interactionism.  

·         operationalization.  

·         social interaction .  

·         socialization.


Question 2

 (Q002) The case of a young girl named Genie is the most carefully documented and well-studied instance of what happens to a child who does not experience adequate contact with other people during infancy and childhood. Genie was locked in a room alone for nearly 13 years and never developed language skills the way most children do. Obviously, this is a story in part of severe parental neglect, but it also provides insight into whether such abilities as language are innate. Fundamentally, this case about a feral child is about whether  

·         the physical or the social environment has a larger impact on culture.  

·         biology or socialization shapes human behavior.  

·         parents or peer groups influence children's behavior.  

·         physical or cognitive traits influence socialization.


Question 3

 (Q003) According to George Herbert Mead's stages of development, children first start to learn to recognize an "other" through  

·         formal games.  

·         imitation.  

·         playing informally with other children.  

·         first recognizing their own identities.


Question 4

 (Q004) Talib was starving as he got on the crowded bus with a greasy cheeseburger he had just purchased. As tempting as it was to eat his messy meal right then and there, he worried what the other passengers might think of him if he did so, and decided to wait until he got home. As illustrated here, Talib is fully socialized because he has developed a concept of


·         the generalized other.  

·         master status.  

·         role conflict.  

·         social interaction.


Question 5

 (Q005) In her interview with Dalton Conley, Annette Lareau discusses the work found in her book, Unequal Childhoods, and gives numerous examples of the ways in which different parenting strategies play out in the home, and the results of those different strategies. Socioeconomic class differences (middle-class, working-class, and poor) figure prominently into the results, and she notes that the success of the child often hinges upon the knowledge and acceptance that what matters is  

·         the intrinsic logic of the parents' strategy.  

·         that parents must ensure that their child understands plagiarism.  

·         that children enter institutions, and institutions have rules.  

·         that parents must manage their child's experience with all institutions.


Question 6

 (Q006) Kalani has busy summers planned for her daughters. They take music lessons, play on soccer and basketball teams, and attend summer school classes. This summer schedule is an example of  

·         natural growth. 

·         resocialization.  

·         role strain.  

·         concerted cultivation.


Question 7

 (Q007) Which scenario involves the use of peer pressure?  

·         A college sophomore is afraid to report a sexual assault because she believes her sorority sisters will ostracize her.  

·         Three friends encourage a fourth friend to follow her dream to try out for the school play, even though none of them are involved in theater.  

·         A teacher and a guidance counselor stage an intervention with a student who they think has a drug problem.  

·         Two children steal another child's soccer ball on the playground because he won't share it.


Question 8

 (Q008) Resocialization would be most likely to occur in which situation?  

·         A mother decides not to return to work after giving birth to her first child.  

·         A child gets a new teacher halfway through the school year.  

·         An American woman who takes a full-time job in Saudi Arabia after graduating from college ends up marrying a local man.  

·         An electrician who has never left the United States takes a two-week vacation to Kenya.


Question 9

 (Q009) What is an example of a total institution?  

·         a book club  

·         a workplace

·         a convent  

·         a political party


Question 10

 (Q010) The decision to marry is a major life step. Contemporary Americans do so with certain cultural expectations: that our partner will love and care for us, will share the duties of managing a household (nowadays, fairly equally and regardless of gender), and will support us in our lives when problems arise at work or with other family members. These expectations of a spouse are an example of

·         gender division.  

·         sexism.  

·         roles.


Question 11


(Q011) As a mother, Linda sometimes feels torn. Most of the time she focuses on being loving and supportive, but sometimes she needs to be firm to discipline her children. These opposing expectations are an example of  

·         role strain.  

·         role conflict.  

·         adult socialization.  

·         ascribed status.


Question 12

 (Q012) In her interview with Dalton Conley, C. J. Pascoe talks about the ways in which boys in high school police the boundaries of masculinity, specifically by using the term "fag." What is at stake is not sexual orientation, but gender norms regarding what is perceived as "masculine." In 2010, Billy Lucas, a 15-year-old high-school student, hanged himself after repeatedly being called a "fag" by his peers for "looking different." Lucas's peers were enforcing norms based on  

·         gender-role socialization.  

·         resocialization.  

·         destruction of the generalized other.  

·         dramaturgical performance.


Question 13

 (Q013) In traditional societies, the village in which a person grew up shaped their identity and how others treated them. This is an example of  

·         an achieved status.  

·         a role.  

·         a status set.  

·         an ascribed status.


Question 14

 (Q014) Despite being a business executive and competitive athlete, Jorge is often treated as helpless by people he encounters in his daily life because he is paraplegic and uses a wheelchair. Jorge's disability is a(n)  

·         master status. 

·         status set.  

·         role strain.  

·         achieved status.


Question 15

 (Q015) A friend of yours has invited you to a big social event. Knowing you might meet people who could offer you a job after graduation, you polish your shoes, buy a new outfit, and practice introducing yourself and explaining the insights you've gained during college, all in the hopes of making a strong professional impression. In sociological terms, you're preparing to present yourself as a young professional, in accordance with


·         saving face.  

·         dramaturgical theory.  

·         role theory.  

·         symbolic interactionism.


Question 16

 (Q016) A classmate has been talking for weeks about trying out for the school dance team. The day after the tryouts, you ask her how it went, and she answers that she couldn't go because she was sick. (In reality, however, she did try out but wasn't selected.) The way your classmate reported the situation to you is an example of what?  

·         saving face  

·         role strain  

·         a breach of common roles  

·         the process of social construction


Question 17

 (Q017) While you're riding a crowded city bus, a woman sits on the seat next to you. Rather than strike up a conversation, she briefly rifles through her purse, then puts in earbuds, turns on some music, and stares past you out the bus window. The woman is exercising  

·         symbolic interaction.  

·         social awkwardness.  

·         civil inattention.  

·         saving face.


Question 18

 (Q018) What is an example of a given-off gesture?  

·         nodding to indicate agreement during a job interview  

·         inadvertently glancing at the clock during a boring lecture  

·         talking to a colleague over coffee  

·         winking at a friend


Question 19

 (Q019) The process of choosing a urinal in a men's restroom may seem simple, but there is an underlying, implicit protocol that has actually been studied. One researcher found that the unspoken rule was to always ensure a "buffer zone" of at least one "open" urinal between yourself and another person. Being an intrepid sociologist, you have decided to see what happens when this norm is breached. In doing so, you are practicing  

·         ethnomethodology.  

·         dramaturgical theory.  

·         role conflict.  

·         symbolic interactionism.


Question 20

 (Q020) If you were to tell someone that you were conducting breaching experiments, you would be telling them that you were intentionally  

·         trying to convey a good impression and seeing what happens.  

·         violating social norms to see what happens.  

·         challenging total institutions to see what happens.  

·         resocializing others in order to see what happens.


Question 21

 (Q021) A group of people is waiting to be helped at a customer service desk in a store. A woman in the waiting area suddenly clears her throat and spits on the floor. Everyone else in the room is taken aback and gives her horrified looks. How can this reaction be explained in sociological terms?  

·         There is probably a sign on the wall that says "No Spitting," and the others in the room cannot believe that the woman has breached this overt rule.  

·         The status of the others in the room is threatened by the actions of the woman who spit on the floor.  

·         The woman who spit on the floor is not conforming to social norms that are shared by the other people in the room.  

·         The others in the room have been socialized to think that it's okay for a man to spit on the floor but not a woman.


Question 22

 (Q022) Roberto works as regional sales manager, a job that requires him to travel frequently for long periods of time. He often dreams of quitting his job so that he can spend more time with his daughters and be a better father. Roberto is experiencing


·         role strain.  

·         role conflict.  

·         civil inattention.  

·         resocialization.

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