SOCI 111 Week 2 M02 Chapters 3&4 Quiz | Ivy Tech Community College

SOCI 111 Week 2 M02 Chapters 3&4 Quiz  | Ivy Tech Community College

M02 Chapters 3&4 Quiz Results for Alex Orlin Rush


Question 1

Research questions such as why fairy tales often begin with a mother's death are examples of the analysis of media content stemming from Antonio Gramsci's work. What is this kind of analysis known as?  

·         functional analysis  

·         psychoanalysis  

·         meta-analysis 

·         textual analysis



Question 2

Antonio Gramsci coined the term hegemony to mean that a dominant group wins "consent" of the masses through "moral and intellectual leadership." His thoughts are closely related to those of  

·         Auguste Comte.  

·         Karl Marx. 

·         Herbert Gans. 

·         Max Weber.



Question 3

Nineteenth-century poet and cultural critic Matthew Arnold extended and altered Plato’s views of culture. Which of these statements is true of Plato and not of Matthew Arnold?  

·         His ideas developed in response to technological changes that gave the middle class access to mass-produced goods that have previously been out of reach.  

·         He argued that culture was an ideal that could not be attained, but could be approximated by an artisan or artist.    

·         He argued that culture was not about self-centeredness and materialism.  

·         He viewed intellectual refinement as learning more about the best which has been thought and said in this world.


Question 4

Deliberate, long-term media campaigns such as Smokey the Bear, which began in 1944 and is still with us today, are examples of ads used by nonprofit organizations to educate the public. They are commonly known as 

·         hegemonies.  

·         mass-media services.  

·         public service announcements.    

·         desensitizing messages.



Question 5

A group of children is playing a game called "telephone," in which one child whispers a message to another, who then passes it along, until the last child announces the message to the whole group. Usually, by the end, someone has misheard the message and changed it. Does the children's game of telephone count as media?  

·         Yes, because the game relays information.   

·         Yes, but only if the message is fairly accurately conveyed. 

·         No, because it is just a game. 

·         No, because it must use technology to count as media.


Question 6

An example of nonmaterial culture is 

·         money. 

·         books. 

·         values.   

·         cars.


Question 7

Juan is a college student who loves poetry and art and says he is becoming more cultured as he pursues a broad and pure knowledge of the world. His way of using the culture concept is no longer used by sociologists today. Whose view of culture is Juan emulating?  

·         Matthew Arnold   

·         Émile Durkheim

·         Dalton Conley

·         Karl Marx



Question 8

The various musical genres and the groups inspired by them, such as post-punk music and goth culture, are examples of which of the following? 

·         high cultures 

·         Subcultures   

·         code switching 

·         political economy


Question 9

Which of the following is always a cultural behavior? 

·         blinking 

·         waving good-bye   

·         breathing 

·         sleeping


Question 10

The O.J. Simpson murder case and Hurricane Katrina are examples of which of the following? 

·         two recent U.S. natural disasters 

·         how the media reflect racist ideology    

·         Gramsci's concept of hegemony

·         cultural scripts in news media


Question 11

Individuals and groups who help shape our orientation to life, our self-concept, emotions, values, attitudes, and behaviors are called  

·         significant others. 

·         agents of socialization. 

·         role models. 

·         generalized social selves.


Question 12

Dramaturgical theory suggests that the primary goal of every social interaction is to 

·         be front (and center) stage. 

·         conform to the script. 

·         reduce backstage critique. 

·         make a good impression.



Question 13

According to Erving Goffman, we all try to make good impressions on others and we actively work to ensure that others believe they are doing the same. He calls this 

back stage. 

the generalized other. 

impression management.   

social construction.


Question 14

The story of the abused and neglected child named Anna teaches lessons about the importance of ________ as an influence on human development. 

·         social class 

·         social construction 

·         human interaction   

·         healthy nutrition


Question 15

Ryan is a child diagnosed with ADHD. Since it is believed to be genetic, he is given a prescription for medication. However, psychiatrist Fadi Haddad would argue that there are social factors at play, such as  

·         schools requiring strict conformity to specific standards and expectations, and a child's individuality might fall outside those norms.   

·         children internalizing the generalized others at various paces.  

·         society becoming too centered on adults and would rather medicate away childhood.  

·         parents of different social classes socializing their children in different ways.



Question 16

According to research conducted by Annette Lareau (2003), in terms of strategies for childrearing, working-class and poor parents focus on the "accomplishment of natural growth," while middle-class parents are more likely to engage in "concerted cultivation." In the "accomplishment of natural growth," children experience 

·         instruction in how to interact with adult authority figures and how to manage schedules.  

·         organized activities that are established and controlled by their mothers and fathers. 

·         assistance, monitoring, and intervention from parents in their schoolwork.  

·         long stretches of leisure time and child-initiated play.


Question 17

Studies have shown that people interact with babies differently based on whether the babies are boys or girls. Using role theory, we could argue that  

·         sex is an achieved status.  

·         sex is a master status in our society. 

·         boys and girls are simply different. 

·         gender roles vary by social class.


Question 18

An ascribed status is one that  

·         a person has little or no control over 

·         stands out within a status set.  

·         is written in an official record. 

·         a person works to accomplish.


Question 19

Children who have experienced long periods of isolation, such as the example of Anna described in the textbook, illustrate how  

·         biology (nature) is more important than the social environment (nurture).  

·         the social environment (nurture) is more important than biology (nature).  

·         "human nature" is the result of a complex relationship between nature and nurture.

·         lack of discipline in early childhood leads to long-term physical and mental problems.


Question 20

Ashley is a single mother who feels like she does not have enough time to both get adequate sleep and spend quality time with her children. She may be experiencing which of the following?


·         peer pressure 

·         resocialization 

·         role strain   

·         role conflict



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