PSYCSS156 Test 4 Quiz | Mohawk College

PSYCSS156 Test 4 Quiz | Mohawk College

Test 4 Results for Mark Abdelmessih


Question 1

Antidepressants are prescribed for all of the following except  

·         panic disorder.  

·         depression.  

·         schizophrenia.  

·         obsessive-compulsive disorder.


 Question 2

Jack asks Maleaka to go to a movie, and she turns him down with a lame excuse. Jack thinks this is the most terrible thing to ever happen. He can't even imagine still going to the movie, or ever telling his friends about Maleaka's refusal to go with him. Ellis (founder of rational-emotive therapy) would say the key to changing Jack's situation is to:  

·         tell Maleaka that she must go with Jack to the movie.  

·         teach Jack how to ask correctly, so people do not refuse him.  

·         have Jack change his irrational beliefs.  

·         discover the repressed feelings that are causing Jack's anger.


Question 3

Cognitive therapists concentrate on changing peoples’:  

·         thoughts  

·         behaviours  

·         free association  

·         body language


 Question 4

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) has had some success in the treatment of which of the following? 

·         Seasonal affective disorder 

·         Victims of trauma, especially post-traumatic stress disorder 

·         Catatonic schizophrenia

·         Bipolar disorder


Question 5

Ted goes to a therapist to help overcome his fear of snakes. The therapist has Ted become deeply relaxed through the use of progressive relaxation. Ted is then asked to imagine progressively more anxiety-arousing scenes involving snakes while maintaining a relaxed state. If Ted becomes fearful, the therapist switches Ted back to relaxation until Ted can tolerate the scene and remain fully relaxed. This process is continued until Ted can stay relaxed through even the most distressing scene in the hierarchy. This process is called ________.  

·         flooding  

·         free association  

·         modelling 

·         systematic desensitization



Question 6

Five-year-old Will is terrified of dogs. During a therapy session, Will watches from a safe distance as another child approaches a dog with no ill effect. Then the child reaches out to pet the dog and finally holds the dog in her lap. Will is encouraged to engage in each step himself. The therapist is trying to treat Will's fear of dogs with:  

·         token economy.  

·         participant modelling.  

·         psychodrama.  

·       time out.             


Question 7

Alcoholics Anonymous is run by  

·         psychotherapists.  

·         non-professionals.  

·         social workers. 

·         physicians.


 Question 8

Psychotherapy involves the use of ________ to treat emotional and behavioural disorders  

·         psychosurgery 

·         only Freud's classic psychoanalysis

·         psychological rather than biological methods  

·         untested theories



Question 9

Electroconvulsive therapy is used to treat  

·         anxiety disorders.    

·         catatonic schizophrenia.  

·         severe depression.  

·         paranoid schizophrenia.



Question 10

Sidney is terribly afraid of riding in elevators. His therapist has him ride the elevator in an office building continuously until his fear subsides (his most feared situation!). The therapist used which therapeutic technique?  

·         systematic desensitization  

·         aversion therapy  

·         flooding  

·         participant modelling


 Question 11

Which of the following suggested that only three things were needed of the therapist: unconditional positive regard, genuine feelings, and empathy? 

·         Carl Rogers  

·         Abraham Maslow  

·         Aaron Beck  

·         Albert Ellis


 Question 12

Terri seeks out a helping professional for assistance with her depression. The person she seeks out is a licensed physician with an M.D. (medical doctor). This person has also completed a residency program with specialized training in diagnosing and treating psychological problems This person ractices psychotherapy and can prescribe drugs or utilize other biological treatments such as electroconvulsive therapy, as necessary. This person is a ________.  

·         clinical psychologist.  

·         psychiatric social worker.  

·         psychiatrist.  

·         psychotherapist.


 Question 13

The assumption that all maladaptive behaviour results from unresolved, unconscious conflicts is part of which of the following perspectives?  

·         Psychoanalytic  

·         Cognitive  

·         Learning  

·         Humanistic


 Question 14

Hiram has been on antipsychotic drugs for about 8 months. In recent weeks he has begun to frequently blink his eyes, smack his lips, make facial grimaces, pucker his lips, and make involuntary spasmodic movements of his arms and legs. His symptoms may indicate he has developed ________.  

·         tardive dyskinesia  

·         tic dyskinesia  

·         Tourette's syndrome  

·         twitch syndrome


Question 15

In psychoanalysis the technique whereby a patient reveals every thought, idea, or image that comes to mind is called ________; the patient's attempt to avoid revealing certain thoughts is called ________.  

·         revelation; transference  

·         free association; transference  

·         transference; resistance 

·         free association; resistance



Question 16

Alexander is a child with Down Syndrome who is being taught to solve puzzles. Every time he solves a puzzle, he is given a poker chip. When he collects 10 poker chips, they can be traded in for a snack. Alexander's teacher is using something similar to  

·         modelling.  

·         a token economy.  

·         transference.  

·         aversive conditioning.


 Question 17

A patient with bipolar disorder who is experiencing a manic episode is most likely to be given a drug whose generic name is  

·         imipramine.  

·         lithium.  

·         meprobamate.  

·         chlorpromazine.


 Question 18

_________________ are drugs that are highly effective in treating the anxiety disorders.  

·         All of the above  

·         Antipsychotics  

·         Mood stabilizers  

·         Benzodiazepines


 Question 19

Phoebe is involved in a therapy in which she must touch dirty objects and then try to delay her ritual of hand washing for longer and longer periods. Phoebe's obsessive-compulsive disorder is most likely being treated with  

·         exposure and response prevention.  

·         a token economy.  

·         time out.  

·         cognitive therapy.


 Question 20

A person-centred therapist provides a client with:  

·         behaviour modification.  

·         advice on how to overcome automatic thoughts.  

·         unconditional positive regard.  

·         paradoxical intervention.



Question 21

Which of the following individuals is/are definitely exhibiting abnormal behaviour indicative of a psychological disorder?  

·         Neither of the above individuals are definitely exhibiting abnormal behaviours indicative of a psychological

·         disorder.  

·         Both of the above individuals are definitely exhibiting abnormal behaviours indicative of a psychological disorder.  

·         A man barking like a dog and crawling on the floor on his hands and knees. 

·         A woman refusing to eat for the last several days.



Question 22

Patients with schizophrenia who speak in a monotone and have no emotional expression in their faces are said to show  

·         catatonic stupor.  

·         flat affect.  

·         inappropriate affect.  

·         robotics affect.


 Question 23

Evelyn, who becomes unbearably anxious when she thinks about leaving her home, has the disorder called  

·         conversion disorder.  

·         agoraphobia. 

·         acrophobia

·         illness anxiety disorder.


Question 24

Which of the following disorders is the least associated with anxiety? 

·         panic disorder  

·         agoraphobia  

·         obsessive-compulsive disorder  

·         depression


 Question 25

Paul experiences periods during which he is extremely hyperactive, euphoric, and wildly optimistic. He just invested his entire life savings in a foolish get-rich-quick scheme, and he is sure he will become a millionaire overnight. Paul suffers from  

·         obsessive-compulsive disorder.  

·         dissociative disorder.  

·         schizophrenia.  

·         bipolar disorder.


 Question 26

Compulsive behaviours are usually attempts to  

·         protect one's self-concept by repressing and "forgetting" painful memories.  

·         avoid anxiety by avoiding the targets of phobias.  

·         relieve the anxiety caused by an obsession.  

·         distract oneself from the obsessive thoughts.


 Question 27

Conversion disorder belongs to the category of  

·         anxiety disorders.  

·         personality disorders.  

·         dissociative disorders.  

·         somatic symptom and related disorders.


 Question 28

The primary symptom of dissociative amnesia is

·         the sudden inability to recall personal information.  

·         repeated out-of-body experiences. 

·         loss of well-practiced motor skills. 

·         an inability to remember facts and information learned in school.



Question 29

Marie suffers from schizophrenia. She insists that others are out "to get her," and that people are plotting to kill her. This strongly held, false belief is an example of a  

·         delusion of reference.  

·         delusion of grandeur.  

·         delusion of persecution.  

·         delusion of control.


 Question 30

What is the name of the disorder which is a milder form of depression that last at least 2 years?  

·         chronic depressive disorder  

·         persistent depressive disorder  

·         seasonal affective disorder  

·         minor depressive disorder


Question 31

In the majority of cases of multiple-personality,  

·         only the host personality has the complaint of "lost time." 

·         the host personality eventually disappears.  

·         the alter personalities do not experience periods of amnesia.  

·         the host personality does not know of the alters.


 Question 32

We are consciously aware of who we are. Our memories, our identity, our consciousness, and our perception of the environment are integrated. But some people, in response to unbearable stress, develop a ________ and lose this integration. 

·         somatic symptom disorder

·         dissociative disorder  

·         schizophrenic disorder  

·         conversion disorder


 Question 33

The basic function of the DSM-5 is to  

·         provide a clear distinction between neurosis and psychosis.  

·         provide a set of diagnostic categories for classifying mental disorders.  

·         describe internal personality factors that are involved in mental disorders.  

·         suggest effective treatments for various mental disorders.


 Question 34

Alicia is jittery and tense much of the time, and spends hours worrying about many things, including her children-who are well-adjusted-and worrying about her finances even though she is actually financially secure. Alicia might be diagnosed as suffering from 

·         obsessive-compulsive disorder.  

·         panic disorder  

·         generalized anxiety disorder.  

·         bipolar depression.


 Question 35

Gender dysphoria involves  

·         only men who have difficulty with the object of their sexual desire.  

·         only minor alterations to one's lifestyle. 

·         a paraphilia.  

·         the distress that may accompany the incongruence between one's experienced or expressed gender and one's assigned gender


Question 36

Dayna hears voices in her head calling her names and accusing her of terrible acts. She is experiencing  

·         compulsions. 

·         obsessions.

·         delusions.  

·         hallucinations.


 Question 37

1 / 1 ptsDenis has a long history of medical treatment, although careful examination would have revealed no underlying physical problems. But Denis continually goes from physician to physician, often receiving unnecessary drugs, examinations, and on a few occasions, unnecessary surgery. Denis is most likely suffering from 

·         conversion disorder.  

·         psychalgia.  

·         illness anxiety disorder.  

·         anxiety disorder.


 Question 38

According to our class notes, approximately __% of Canadians will suffer from a mental health issue in any given year. 

·         5  

·         45  

·         20  

·         75


 Question 39

Which of the following has NOT been cited as evidence of a genetic component in depression and other mood disorders?  

·         Such disorders tend to run in families.  

·         The risk of developing depression increases if a close relative has had an early onset of depression.  

·         If one identical twin develops major depression, the other twin is certain to develop the disorder eventually.  

·         A genetic link is stronger in bipolar disorder than in major depression.


 Question 40

Which of the following is not one of the common themes contained in obsessive thoughts?  

·         doubt

·         aggression  

·         humiliation  

·         contamination



Question 41

Obsessions differ from compulsions in that obsessions are ________, while compulsions are ________.  

·         thoughts; behaviours  

·         behaviours; thoughts 

·         neurotic; psychotic  

·         abnormal; normal


 Question 42

When sexual urges and fantasies generally involve children, other non-consenting partners, non-human objects, or other suffering and humiliation of one's partner, the problem would be categorized as  

·         a sexual dysfunction.  

·         an orgasmic dysfunction.  

·         a gender dysphoria.  

·         a paraphilia.


 Question 43

Louie periodically experiences brief but intense periods of fear and dread that do not seem to be triggered by a specific object or event. Physical symptoms such as a pounding heart, dizziness, and trembling also occur. Louie is probably suffering from  

·         panic disorder.  

·         phobic disorder.  

·         obsessive-compulsive disorder.  

·         generalized anxiety disorder.


 Question 44

What is the name of the most widely accepted diagnostic system in Canada and the United States that is used by researchers, therapists, and mental health workers?

·         The Disease and Symptom Manual of Mental Disorders.  

·         The Disorders and Symptom Manual of Mental Disorders.  

·         The North American Manual of Mental Disorders.  

·         The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.


 Question 45

Which of the following persons might be diagnosed as having a specific phobia?  

·         Ruth refuses to eat in front of others for fear her hand will shake.  

·         Lauren has incapacitating attacks of anxiety that come upon her suddenly.  

·         Juliana gets extremely frightened when a dog approaches her.  

·         Paloma has been housebound for four years.


 Question 46

According to researchers, patients with schizophrenia who have negative symptoms seem to have the  

·         poorest outcomes.  

·         most social connections.  

·         slowest recovery.  

·         best chance at recovery.


 Question 47

What is the term for an irrational fear and avoidance of situations in which people believe they might embarrass or humiliate themselves by appearing clumsy, foolish, or incompetent?  

·         social anxiety disorder  

·         specific phobia  

·         complex phobia  

·         agoraphobia


 Question 48

Which of the following is NOT one of the major symptoms of schizophrenia?  

·         hallucinations  

·         split personality  

·         inappropriate affect 

·         delusional thinking



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