stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.
Some ____ must be added in pairs for optimal performance.
· memory modules
The bus width and bus speed together determine the bus's ____ or bandwidth; that is, the amount of data that can be transferred via the bus in a given period of time.
____ are small components typically made out of aluminum with fins that help to dissipate heat.
· Heat sinks
Eight bits grouped together are collectively referred to as a ____.
A ____ is equal to 1,024 bytes.
____ are very small pieces of silicon or other semiconducting material onto which integrated circuits are embedded.
The ____ is the section of the CPU that performs arithmetic involving integers and logical operations.
A computer ____ is the amount of data (measured in bits or bytes) that a CPU can manipulate at one time.
The term ____ refers to chip-based storage used by the computer.
____ consists of nonvolatile memory chips that can be used for storage by the computer or the user.
· Flash memory
In a 16.8-million-color (called photographic quality or ____) image, three bytes (24 bits) are used to store the color data for each pixel in the image.
· true color
The ____ orders data and instructions from cache or RAM based on the task at hand.
· prefetch unit
The ____ takes instructions from the prefetch unit and translates them into a form that the control unit can understand.
· decode unit
Like graphics data, ____—such as a song or the sound of someone speaking—must be in digital form in order to be stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.
· audio data
Each place value in a binary number represents ____ raised to the appropriate power.
Terascale computing is the ability of computers to process one ____ floating-point operations per second (teraflops).
A USB ____ is a device that plugs into your PC's USB port to convert one port into several USB ports.
Instructions and data flow in and out of the CPU via the ____.
· bus interface unit
The key element of the microprocessor is the ____—a device made of semiconductor material that acts like a switch controlling the flow of electrons inside a chip.
Most computers today support the ____ standard, in which the computer automatically configures new devices as soon as they are installed and the PC is powered up.
· Plug and Play