stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.

stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.

 


Some ____ must be added in pairs for optimal performance.

 

·         memory modules

 

The bus width and bus speed together determine the bus's ____ or bandwidth; that is, the amount of data that can be transferred via the bus in a given period of time.

 

·         throughput

 

____ are small components typically made out of aluminum with fins that help to dissipate heat.

 

·         Heat sinks

 

Eight bits grouped together are collectively referred to as a ____.

 

·         byte

 

A ____ is equal to 1,024 bytes.

 

·         kilobyte

 

____ are very small pieces of silicon or other semiconducting material onto which integrated circuits are embedded.

 

·         Chips

 

The ____ is the section of the CPU that performs arithmetic involving integers and logical operations.

 

·         ALU

 

A computer ____ is the amount of data (measured in bits or bytes) that a CPU can manipulate at one time.

 

·         word

 

The term ____ refers to chip-based storage used by the computer.

 

·         memory

 

____ consists of nonvolatile memory chips that can be used for storage by the computer or the user.

 

·         Flash memory

 

In a 16.8-million-color (called photographic quality or ____) image, three bytes (24 bits) are used to store the color data for each pixel in the image.

 

·         true color

 

The ____ orders data and instructions from cache or RAM based on the task at hand.

 

·         prefetch unit

 

The ____ takes instructions from the prefetch unit and translates them into a form that the control unit can understand.

 

·         decode unit

 

Like graphics data, ____—such as a song or the sound of someone speaking—must be in digital form in order to be stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.

 

·         audio data

 

Each place value in a binary number represents ____ raised to the appropriate power.

 

·         2

 

Terascale computing is the ability of computers to process one ____ floating-point operations per second (teraflops).

 

·         trillion

 

A USB ____ is a device that plugs into your PC's USB port to convert one port into several USB ports.

 

·         hub

 

Instructions and data flow in and out of the CPU via the ____.

 

·         bus interface unit

 

The key element of the microprocessor is the ____—a device made of semiconductor material that acts like a switch controlling the flow of electrons inside a chip.

 

·         transistor

 

Most computers today support the ____ standard, in which the computer automatically configures new devices as soon as they are installed and the PC is powered up.

 

·         Plug and Play

 

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