stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.

stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.


Some ____ must be added in pairs for optimal performance.


·         memory modules


The bus width and bus speed together determine the bus's ____ or bandwidth; that is, the amount of data that can be transferred via the bus in a given period of time.


·         throughput


____ are small components typically made out of aluminum with fins that help to dissipate heat.


·         Heat sinks


Eight bits grouped together are collectively referred to as a ____.


·         byte


A ____ is equal to 1,024 bytes.


·         kilobyte


____ are very small pieces of silicon or other semiconducting material onto which integrated circuits are embedded.


·         Chips


The ____ is the section of the CPU that performs arithmetic involving integers and logical operations.


·         ALU


A computer ____ is the amount of data (measured in bits or bytes) that a CPU can manipulate at one time.


·         word


The term ____ refers to chip-based storage used by the computer.


·         memory


____ consists of nonvolatile memory chips that can be used for storage by the computer or the user.


·         Flash memory


In a 16.8-million-color (called photographic quality or ____) image, three bytes (24 bits) are used to store the color data for each pixel in the image.


·         true color


The ____ orders data and instructions from cache or RAM based on the task at hand.


·         prefetch unit


The ____ takes instructions from the prefetch unit and translates them into a form that the control unit can understand.


·         decode unit


Like graphics data, ____—such as a song or the sound of someone speaking—must be in digital form in order to be stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.


·         audio data


Each place value in a binary number represents ____ raised to the appropriate power.


·         2


Terascale computing is the ability of computers to process one ____ floating-point operations per second (teraflops).


·         trillion


A USB ____ is a device that plugs into your PC's USB port to convert one port into several USB ports.


·         hub


Instructions and data flow in and out of the CPU via the ____.


·         bus interface unit


The key element of the microprocessor is the ____—a device made of semiconductor material that acts like a switch controlling the flow of electrons inside a chip.


·         transistor


Most computers today support the ____ standard, in which the computer automatically configures new devices as soon as they are installed and the PC is powered up.


·         Plug and Play


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