A biological bridge between the experience of stress
A biological bridge between the experience of stress, circadian rhythms, and the development of depression is formed by hormones released at times of stress, including ____.
Jacob is nine years old. He dislikes and often avoids doing things that require sustained mental effort, such as his school work and homework. According to the DSM, ____.
· He has met one criterion for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Four students in sociology class received a D on their final project and are required to rewrite and resubmit it. In their responses to this situation, who exemplifies the attribution style most prone to depression?
· Gina, who feels that she never does well on written assignments and that she's just not good at sociology.
Twin studies have found concordance rates of 63% to 87% between identical twins for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). What does this suggest?
· OCD has a strong genetic vulnerability.
Which of the following is an accurate statement?
· College students have about the same rates of psychological disorders as their same-age peers who are not in college.
According to DMS-5, a personality disorder cannot be diagnosed in any individual who is under __ years of age.
One unfortunate result of the scientifically
unsupported contention that vaccinations play a major role in the development
of autism spectrum disorder is that in the first half of 2008, rates of ___
cases in the US doubled as compared to the rates observed between 2000 and
Ten typically experience a burst of cortical gray matter growth at puberty followed by a wave of gray matter loss extending into their early twenties. Teens diagnosed with schizophrenia experience ____.
· Loss of gray matter that spreads in waves into their early twenties
A brain imaging study showed that, in healthy children, peak cortical thickness occurred around the age of 7.5, and in children with ADHD, on average around 10.5 years. This finding implies that children with ADHD _____.
· can be expected to lag behind their same-age peers in some tasks but will eventually experience improvement.
What is the current edition of DSM?
Four students in sociology class received a D on their final project and are required to rewrite and resubmit it. In their responses to this situation, who exemplifies the attribution style that is most prone to depression?
· Gina, who feels that she is not smart, she is not good at sociology, and she is never going to have success on written tests
John says to his mother, “I will put on my seatbelt when your door is not ajar. Let’s jar up the jelly. Don’t jar the table Jenga master.” This is an example of
· loosening of associations.
Of the following, who is demonstrating a compulsion?
· Dan, who has a precise, daily coffee-making routine that cannot be disrupted
What is the definition of a specific phobia?
· The unrealistic fear of an object or situation other than those associated with agoraphobia or social anxiety
Mania, unlike many other disorders, actually
· increases productive, goal-directed behavior.
One reliable correlate of schizophrenia is the presence of enlarged ventricles, which indicates that schizophrenia is associated with
· neural degeneration.
What kind of obsessions are involved in obsessive-compulsive disorder?
· Distressing, intrusive thoughts
In the general population of the United States, women experience MDD more frequently than men do. Which of the following is cited in the textbook as a possible contributing factor?
· Women are more likely than men to admit feeling depressed.
Psychologists find that agreeing on the differences between typical and abnormal behaviors is surprisingly difficult. However, deciding that an individual’s behaviors and mental processes are abnormal is essential because
· it is the first step toward labeling that person with a psychological disorder and providing treatment.
The text defines abnormal behavior as behavior that is distressing, and
· harmful to self or others.