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DEVRY CRMJ400 MIDTERM EXAM

Question 1. Question : TCO#2: A research approach that asks participants to describe their recent and lifetime criminal activity is called _____.
field observation
cross-sectional research
meta-analysis
self-reported study 
Question 2. Question : TCO#2: If criminologists want to see the direct effect of one factor or variable on another factor or variable, they conduct _____.
experimental research 
aggregate data research
cohort research
survey research
Question 3. Question : TCO#2: What is known about the trend in property crime rates?
Like the violent crime rate, the property crime rate has increased slightly.
Unlike the violent crime rate, the property crime rate has continued to fall.
The violent crime rate and property crime rate have remained equally stable.
The violent crime rate has decreased, while the property crime rate has increased.
Question 4. Question : TCO#2: According to Wolfgang, Figlio, and Sellin's cohort study, what percentage of chronic offenders was responsible for a significant proportion of all serious crime?
12 percent
15 percent
6 percent 
25 percent
Question 5. Question : TCO#2: The relationship between class and crime is an important one for criminological theory. The weight of recent evidence seems to suggest that serious official crime is more prevalent _____.
across both the middle and lower class
among the middle class
among the upper class
among the lower class 
Question 6. Question : TCO#1: ____________ is an academic discipline that makes use of the scientific methods to study the nature, extent, cause, and control of criminal behavior.
Sociology
Criminal Justice
Criminology 
Psychology
Question 7. Question : TCO#1: The theory that suggests people have free will to choose a criminal career or unlawful solutions to meet their needs or settle their problems is _____.
classical theory 
conflict theory
biosocial theory
Marxist theory
Question 8. Question : TCO#1: The Chicago School was developed by a group of sociologists at _____.
the Chicago Institute of Criminology
the University of Illinois
Illinois State University
the University of Chicago 
Question 9. Question : TCO#: 1 Common law was developed after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 through the verdicts of ________ who used local customs and rules of conduct as guides for decision-making.
juries
popes
kings
royal judges 
Question 10. Question : TCO#1: The intent to commit the criminal act is known as _____.
mens rea 
actus reus
mala in se
mala prohibitum
Question 11. Question : TCO#3: Referring to the relationship between marital status and vicimization, who is least likely to become a crime victim?
Someone who is married
Someone who has never married
Someone who is divorced
Someone who is a widow or widower 
Question 12. Question : TCO#3: One's chances of victimization are reduced by _____.
staying single
staying out of public places
moving to the city
being out and about after 10 p.m. 
Question 13. Question : TCO#3: When victims act provocatively, use threats or fighting words, or even attack first, this is known as _____.
passive precipitation
active precipitation 
aggressive precipitation
reactive precipitation
Question 14. Question : TCO#3: In routine activities theory, a large number of unemployed teenagers would be an example of _____.
suitable targets
capable guardians
protective sentinels
motivated offenders 
Question 15. Question : TCO#3: According to routine activities theory, homes that contained easily salable objects such as laptop computers, stereos, and television sets would be classified as _____.
hot targets
hot spots
suitable targets 
chronic spots
Question 16. Question : TCO#4: Beccaria believed that criminals choose to commit crime and that their choices could be controlled by _____.
fear of punishment 
improving economic conditions
selective incapacitation
situational crime prevention
Question 17. Question : TCO#4: While outwardly considered the most irrational of offenders, serial murders are considered rational because:
they tend to have high IQs.
they pick their targets with care. 
they elude arrest for months, and sometimes for years.
they are rarely, in actuality, psychologically disturbed.
Question 18. Question : TCO#4: According to _____________, crime rates are influenced and controlled by the threat of punishment.
general deterrence 
specific deterrence
diffusion of benefits
crime displacement
Question 19. Question : TCO#4: The Kansas City, Missouri police department's study of patrol effectiveness, convinced criminologists that:
the mere presence of patrol officers on the street did not have a deterrent effect. 
doubling the amount of patrol officers on the street had a deterrent effect.
The mere presence of patrol officers on the street had a deterrent effect, but only in high crime areas.
decreasing the amount of patrol officers on the street increased crime.
Question 20. Question : TCO#4: The philosophy of justice that asserts that those who violate the rights of others deserve to be punished is known as _____.
specific deterrence
just desert 
revenge
retribution
Question 21. Question : TCO#4: The belief that no serious consideration should be given to biological factors when attempting to understand human nature is known as _____.
choice theory
biophobia 
nature theory
nurture theory
Question 22. Question : TCO#4: A disorder in which a child shows a developmentally inappropriate lack of attention and an excess of impulsivity is known as _____.
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder 
oppositional defiance disorder
impulse dysfunctional disorder
conduct disorder
Question 23. Question : TCO#4: A mental state, labeled ________________ is found in youngsters whose personalities require them to seek immediate gratification, to consider their own needs more important than others, and to satisfy instinctive urges without considering right and wrong.
deferred delinquency
emergent delinquency
latent delinquency 
delayed delinquency
Question 24. Question : TCO#4: Social learning theory holds that people learn to be aggressive through their life experiences. Which of these is not a source of this behavior modeling process?
Environmental experiences
Family interaction
Mass media
Religious affiliation 
Question 25. Question : TCO#4: According to recent media research by Bushman and Anderson violent media has __________ impact on people with preexisting tendency toward crime and violence.
no
short-term
an immediate 
a time-delayed
Question 26. Question : TCO#4: A socially disorganized area is one in which the ______________ have broken down and can no long carry out their expected or stated functions.
institutions of social control 
institutions of social service
institutions of federal government
global institutions
Question 27. Question : TCO#4: Social disorganization theory was developed by the work of two Chicago sociologists _____.
Martin and Gordon
Winfree and Mays
Sutherland and Durkheim
McKay and Shaw 
Question 28. Question : TCO#4: A renewal stage in which obsolete housing is replaced and upgraded is known as _____.
gentrification
turnover
transition
revitalization
Question 29. Question : TCO#4: When individuals embrace conventional social goals and have the means at their disposal to attain them, this is known as _____.
rebellion
ritualism
innovation
conformity 
Question 30. Question : TCO#4: According to Miller's focal concern theory, which of the following is not identified as a lower class focal concern?
Excitement
Trouble
Achievement 
Smartness
Question 31. Question : TCO#4: Social learning theory suggests that crime is a/an ________ behavior.
chronic
learned 
innate
isolated
Question 32. Question : TCO#4: The principle that criminal techniques are learned is part of _____.
differential association theory 
labeling theory
social reaction theory
differential reinforcement theory
Question 33. Question : TCO#4: The view that becoming a criminal is a learning process in which potential delinquents master skills that enable them to counterbalance conventional values and drift back and forth between illegitimate and conventional behavior is known as _____.
social reaction theory
differential association theory
differential reinforcement theory
neutralization theory
Question 34. Question : TCO#4: Which one is not an element of the social bond?
Attachment
Commitment
Involvement
Achievement 
Question 35. Question : TCO#4: This occurs when norm violations or crimes have very little influence on the actor and can be quickly forgotten.
Stigma
Anomie
Primary deviance
Secondary deviance
Question 36. Question : TCO#4: According to the instrumental theorists, unmasking the true purpose of law and justice is termed to _____.
destigmatize
demystify 
discredit
dishonor
Question 37. Question : TCO#4: The branch of conflict theory that focuses upon the emergence of a strict "law and order" philosophy and that believes street criminals prey on the poor and disenfranchised, thus making the poor doubly abused, first by the capitalist system and then by members of their own class is known as _____.
power-control theory
left realism 
critical realism
peacemaking theory
Question 38. Question : TCO#4: According to the instrumental view of critical criminology, the poor may or may not commit more crimes than the rich, but _____.
their crime are less visible
they are arrested and punished less often
their crimes are more serious in nature
they are arrested and punished more often
Question 39. Question : TCO#4: Most balanced and restorative justice programs are located within _____.
the locality's probation system
the locality's juvenile justice system 
the locality's adult criminal justice system
the locality's social work system
Question 40. Question : TCO#4: From a Marxist perspective, the people who perform the actual work are called _____.
the underclass
the chattering class
the bourgeoisie
the proletariat 


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Law Assignment Help / Clinical Law
23 Jun 2016

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  1. bestmind

    DEVRY CRMJ400 MIDTERM EXAM

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