MGMT 3306 Week 3 Quiz | Assignment Help | University of Houston-Victoria
Review Test Submission: Assignment 3 Quiz
Consider a production line with five stations. Station 1 can produce a unit in 9 minutes. Station 2 can produce a unit in 10 minutes. Station 3 has two identical machines, each of which can process a unit in 12 minutes (each unit only needs to be processed on one of the two machines. Station 4 can produce a unit in 5 minutes. Station 5 can produce a unit in 8 minutes. Which station is the bottleneck station?
o Station 1
o Station 2
o Station 3
o Station 4
o Station 5
Which of the following products is likely to be assembled on a repetitive process line?
o custom personal computers
o custom cakes
High fixed costs and low variable costs are typical of which approach?
o mass customization
o A and C
The staff training center at a large regional hospital provides training sessions in CPR to all employees. Assume that the capacity of this training system was designed to be 1200 employees per year. Since the training center was first put into use, the program has become more complex, so that 1050 now represents the most employees that can be trained per year. In the past year, 950 employees were trained. The efficiency of this system is approximately ________ and its utilization is approximately ________.
o 79.2 percent; 90.5 percent
o 90.5 percent; 79.2 percent
o 87.5 percent; 950 employees
o 950 employees; 1050 employees
o 110.5 percent; 114.3 percent
Effective capacity × Efficiency equals:
o efficient capacity.
o actual capacity.
o expected output.
o design capacity.
One fundamental difference between a process chart and a flowchart is that:
o the process chart adds a time dimension to the horizontal axis, while a flowchart is not time-oriented.
o the process chart includes the supply chain, while the flowchart stays within an organization.
o the process chart is more like a table, while the flowchart is more like a schematic diagram.
o the process chart focuses on the customer and on the provider's interaction with the customer, while the flowchart does not deal directly with the customer.
o None of these is true, because a process chart and a flowchart are the same thing.
The Academic Computing Center has five trainers available in its computer labs to provide training sessions to students. Assume that the design capacity of the system is 1900 students per semester and that effective capacity equals 90% of design capacity. If the number of students who actually got their orientation session is 1500, what is the efficiency of the system?
o 1350 students
o 1710 students
Which of the following is FALSE regarding repetitive processes?
o They use modules.
o They allow easy switching from one product to the other.
o They are the classic assembly lines.
o They have more structure and less flexibility than a job shop layout.
o They include the assembly of basically all automobiles.
Which of the following is true regarding the concept of flexibility?
o It is the ability to respond with little penalty in time, cost, or customer value.
o It may be accomplished with digitally controlled equipment.
o It may involve modular or movable equipment.
o All of the above are true.
o None of the above is true.
Consider the assembly line below. The three fabrication operations run in parallel, such that each batch of 20 units only needs to go through one of the three fabrication operations. After that, each batch needs to go through both assembly operations, which occur simultaneously (specifically, 10 components are made for each unit in the fabrication stage—some components are then assembled in the Assembly 1 area while others are assembled in the Assembly 2 area). The units are packaged and made ready for shipment in the final stage.
What is the bottleneck time per batch of this operation?
o 24 min.
o 8 min.
o 88 min.
o 34 min.
o 3 min.
Which of the following technologies could enable a cashier to scan the entire contents of a shopping cart in seconds?
A work system has five stations that have process times of 5, 9, 4, 9, and 8. What is the throughput time of the system?
In "drum, buffer, rope," what provides the schedule, i.e. the pace of production?
o all three of the above in combination
o none of the above
Utilization will always be lower than efficiency because:
o effective capacity is less than design capacity.
o effective capacity is greater than design capacity.
o effective capacity equals design capacity.
o expected output is less than actual output.
o expected output is less than rated capacity.
Process X has fixed costs of $10,000 and variable costs of $2.40 per unit. Process Y has fixed costs of $9,000 and variable costs of $2.25 per unit. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
o The crossover point is approximately 6667 units.
o It is impossible for one process to have both of its costs lower than those of another process.
o Process Y is cheaper than process X at all volumes.
o Process X should be selected for very large production volumes.
o Process X is more profitable than process Y and should be selected.
Process A has fixed costs of $1000 and variable costs of $5 per unit. Process B has fixed costs of $500 and variable costs of $15 per unit. What is the crossover point between process A and process B?
o 50 units
o 200 units
Which of the following are all strategies for improving productivity in services?
o separation, self-service, automation, and scheduling
o lean production, strategy-driven investments, automation, and process focus
o reduce inventory, reduce waste, reduce inspection, and reduce rework
o high interaction, mass customization, service factory, and just-in-time
o process focus, repetitive focus, product focus, and mass customization focus
The Theory of Constraints (TOC) strives to reduce the effect of constraints by:
o offloading work from constrained workstations.
o increasing constrained workstation capability.
o changing workstation order to reduce throughput time.
o A and B
o A, B, and C
A job shop is an example of a(n):
o repetitive process.
o continuous process.
o line process.
o intermittent process.
o specialized process.
Which of the following phrases best describes process focus?
o low volume, high variety
o Finished goods are usually made to a forecast and stored.
o Operators are less broadly skilled.
o high fixed costs, low variable costs
o low inventory