PSYCSS156 Test 3 Quiz | Mohawk College
Test 3 Results for Mark Abdelmessih
Which of the following is an example of emotion-focused coping?
· Taking a moment to reflect on your spiritual beliefs
· Practicing your responses for an interview on the following day
· Arranging your desk so you can find the tools you need
· Writing a letter to your Member of Parliament
Omarrah is afraid of not passing her final exam. To cope with the stress, she has worked out a study timetable, arranged a quiet study area and is making sure she has all the class notes. What type of coping is she using?
Eva, a survivor of the fall of a town in Bosnia, has begun to have nightmares, flashbacks, and anxiety attacks. Eva is most likely suffering from:
· external locus of control.
· post-traumatic stress disorder.
· catastrophic stress.
· secondary appraisal.
Which of the following was associated with the general adaptation syndrome?
· David Holmes
· Hans Selye
· Walter Cannon
· Richard Lazarus
Marty has experienced many stressful life events in his life over the past year. According to Holmes and Rahe (* Social Readjustment Rating Scale), within the next two years he will probably
· have fewer health problems than usual because the stress is in the past.
· have fewer health problems than usual because he now is psychologically hardy.
· have no more health problems than usual.
· have more health problems than usual.
To achieve health benefits, adults aged 18-64 should accumulate at least ___ minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity per week, in bouts of ___ minutes or more.
· 100; 20
· 150; 10
· 200; 40
· 250; 50
Drinking alcohol has been known to affect one's body in a number of ways, including:
· heart issues (stroke, high blood pressure …)
· liver and pancreatic issues (fibrosis, cirrhosis, pancreatitis)
· weakened immune system
· All of the above
· A and B only
Smoking nicotine has been known to affect one's body in a number of ways, including:
· an increase in oral problems (e.g., mouth sores, ulcers, gum disease …)
· an increased risk of mild- to moderate-hearing loss (from damage to the cochlea in the inner ear)
· an increased risk of developing cataracts and macular degeneration (that can lead to blindness)
· All of the above
· A and B only
According to the Mayo Clinic article "Stress relief from laughter? It's no joke", laughter is the greatest form of stress relief. Which of the following is/are long-term benefits highlighted in this article?
· Improves one's immune system by releasing neuropeptides
· Relieves pain
· Improves one's mood
· All of the above
According to the text and online module, research has demonstrated that social support has an impact on
· Type A behaviour.
· locus of control.
· our psychological and physical health
· approach-approach conflict.
What has research shown to be the most related to increased stress?
· unpredictability and lack of control over the stressor
· predictability and control over the stressor
· unpredictability of the stressor
· predictability of the stressor
Which of the following is an example of an avoidance-avoidance conflict?
· Raoul cannot decide whether to go out or stay home and study for his test
· Helene has to decide whether to have a big wedding or a small one
· Johann cannot decide whether to go to the ball game or to the movies
· Krista must decide whether to stay in an awful marriage or go through a traumatic divorce
According to our textbook and the online module, stress is defined as the _____________ response to a condition which threatens or challenges the individual and requires some form of adaptation or adjustment.
· physiological and psychological
· mental and emotional
Which of the following sets of factors of illness and health does the biopsychosocial model emphasize?
· psychological and genetic
· biological, psychological, and social
· psychological, genetic, and sociological
· sociological and biomedical
Joe has been under stress for so long that he feels physiologically drained and depleted. Joe is in which stage of the general adaptation syndrome?
According to Canada's Low-Risk Drinking Guidelines:
· Women should drink no more than 5 drinks per week
· Men should drink no more than 10 drinks per week
· Women should drink no more than 10 drinks per week and men should drink no more than 15 drinks per week.
· Both A and B
Psychologically hardy persons differ from others in all of the following ways except
· they are less involved in their work.
· they make deeper commitments.
· they see change as a challenge.
· they feel a sense of strong control over personal events.
What is Lazarus's term for the positive experiences in life that can neutralize the effects of many of the hassles?
· Peak experiences
Which of the following life events is associated with the highest level of stress, according to the Holmes-Rahe's Social Readjustment Rating Scale?
· Marital separation
· Being fired at work
· Death of spouse
That aggression results from blocking or interfering with the attainment of a goal is the central idea behind the
· bystander effect.
· division of responsibility hypothesis.
· frustration-aggression hypothesis.
· testosterone effect.
According to research discussed in the textbook/notes concerning mate selection in more than 30 countries, men are more concerned than women in their potential mate's
· pleasing disposition.
· emotional stability.
You see an attractive person at a party and go over to introduce yourself. The person smiles briefly and nervously, says "Excuse me," and leaves. Which of the following is a dispositional attribution for this behaviour?
· The other person is shy.
· You were not attractive to the other person, so the person left.
· The other person was just about to leave anyway when you came over.
· Someone had just called out to the other person to come to another part of the room.
Which of the following explanations for not calling 911 is an example of diffusion of responsibility?
· "I was going to stop and make the phone call, but I was already late for the job interview."
· "I didn't think the guy was really choking on the bite of food."
· "How was I to know that none of those other people had called the police? I would have called if I really thought no one else did."
· "I was already in a bad mood. I didn't need the hassle of getting involved."
What percentage of the subjects in the original Asch study conformed to the majority's incorrect response at least some of the time (at least one trial)?
· 25 percent
· 5 percent
· 33 percent
· 70 percent
Social psychology is the area in psychology that focuses on
· human growth and development across the lifespan.
· the influence of other people on our emotions, thoughts, and behaviour.
· inner psychological conflicts which determine our personality.
· the study of emotion and motivation.
Our overall impression or judgment of another person is influenced more by the first information we receive about the person than by information that comes later. This phenomenon is called the
· person-perception effect.
· naive-subject effect.
· primacy effect.
· first-person effect.
What percentage of the subjects in Milgram's original obedience experiment administered what they thought was the maximum 450-volt shock?
· 85 percent
· 25 percent
· 65 percent
· 45 percent
Which of the following is an example of prejudice?
· Danielle thinks all whites are racists.
· To make his Asian employees feel good, Mr. Jones, who is white, gave them higher bonuses than he gave his white employees.
· Justine was promoted because the firm needed one French-Canadian manager.
· Olga's salary is $5000 less than that of her male counterpart.
With respect to Jane Elliot's experiment with her third grade class, which of the following statements is/are true?
· She divided the students based on the colour of their eyes.
· She divided the students based on the colour of their hair.
· She found that the children in the superior group performed better on an academic task.
· Both A and C are true.
Realistic conflict theory emphasizes the role of which of the following in the development of prejudice?
· stereotypes of minority groups
· labelling of minority groups
· modelling of discriminatory behaviour
· competition for scarce resources
Recent research indicating that social cognition may play a role in the formation of prejudice and discrimination suggests that prejudice may spring from
· the processes involved in how we think.
· competition over scarce resources
· the acts of discrimination and stereotyping.
· attitudes and emotions which we have inherited.
In order to reduce discrimination, the contact hypothesis states that
· groups should be introduced in a familiar environment, such as competitive sports.
· members of the opposite group should be identified as "special" or "extraordinary" examples of their group.
· group contact should be formal and structured.
· groups should be equal in status and their ability to perform in the contact situation.
In Zimbardo's prison experiment, one group of "normal" people tormented another group of normal people because of
· the particular roles they took on.
· the researcher telling them they must continue the experiment.
· the audience effect.
· a simple instruction to do so.
Horace just received the Gurlman Award for Creativity. It was a very tough competition, and he thought he would not win. During his acceptance speech he stressed how his hard work, special skills, and intelligence made him the winner. He did not thank the design or manufacturing teams who worked on the project with him. What kind of attribution error did Horace probably make during his speech?
· actor-observer bias
· self-serving bias
· ambitious attribution error
· fundamental attribution error
Students often report that when they work in a group, someone will not do their part to complete the group project. The person not doing enough to help the group is engaged in:
· social loafing.
· social facilitation.
· group polarization.
· social inaction.
Stephen is being asked a series of true or false questions which will be used to assess him for the presence of a psychiatric disorder. Which assessment is Stephen taking?
· Thematic Apperception Test
· Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2
· Rorschach Test
Which of the following statements is true of B.F. Skinner's view of behaviour?
· Behaviour is an interaction of inner forces and situational forces.
· Behaviour and personality are for the most part determined by our heredity.
· Behaviour is initiated by inner forces, which he called personality.
· Behaviour is caused by forces outside the person and based upon past rewards and punishments.
The purpose of a defense mechanism is to
· protect the superego from the ego.
· complete the development of the mind so that all three parts can express themselves.
· protect ourselves against anxiety and maintain self-esteem.
· allow the expression of the id in its raw form.
Regression occurs when we
· take out our frustrations on a less threatening person or object.
· rechannel negative psychic energy to a more positive activity.
· revert to behaviour that might have reduced anxiety at an earlier stage of development.
· blame others for that for which we are responsible.
An individual's unique characteristic patterns of thinking, behaving and feeling is called
· psychic determiners.
The basic message of the theory proposed by ________ is that human beings will develop and grow in healthy ways and develop positive traits if they live in the right kind of environment.
· Raymond Cattell
· Carl Rogers
· Sigmund Freud
· Carl Jung
According to Freud, the id operates in accordance with the ________ principle, whereas the ego operates in accordance with the ________ principle.
· pleasure; moral
· pleasure; reality
· reality; pleasure
· immoral; reality
According to Freud, whatever we are thinking at any given moment would be part of our
A test that presents ambiguous stimuli is known in psychology as
· an objective test.
· an invalid test.
· a projective test.
· a less reliable test.
According to Freud, from age five or six to puberty, the sex instinct is repressed and temporarily sublimated in school and play activities. This is called the
· erogenous period.
· genital stage.
· latency period.
· phallic stage.
According to Freud, the sex instinct
· first appears during the phallic stage.
· first appears at puberty.
· is learned.
· is present at birth.
Cynthia's friends consider her to be withdrawn, quiet, and introspective. According to Eysenck, where would Cynthia be placed on the extroversion dimension?
· high on extroversion
· high on emotional instability
· high on socially concerned
· high on introversion
Ewan owns his own insurance sales company, and prides himself on his concern for his customers. People in community organizations count on him for civic projects because he is reliable and thorough. Based on this information, Ewan would be best described in terms of the five-factor theory as
· high on the neuroticism dimension.
· high on the conscientiousness dimension.
· low on the extroversion dimension.
· low on the agreeableness dimension.